In Indonesia, there are various models for smallholder oil palm cultivation, each having different benefits and risks related to degrees of inclusivity, productivity, farmer profitability, access to reliable markets and quality inputs such as seedlings and fertilizer. This paper reports on a comparison of three models for smallholder oil palm plantation in Ketapang District, West Kalimantan and an assessment of the level of inclusivity and the relative impacts. Findings include the opportunities to overcome barriers due to lack of inclusivity by intensifying the role of village government.
This paper was submitted for inclusion in the forthcoming edition of ETFRN News 59 – Exploring inclusive palm oil production, due for release in early 2019. This will contain 20 papers plus interviews, presenting examples of innovative and inclusive palm oil production systems. It will assess what has not worked, but importantly, it will analyse what positive practices and policies have worked for more inclusive palm oil production and why, as we strive towards more collective and sustainable solutions to this apparently intractable problem.
This paper will undergo final editing prior to publication publication of the complete edition, and as such, could differ from the version presented here.