This article investigates the impacts of palm oil on the economic development of smallholder communities and deforestation in Indonesia, based on a review of academic research and interviews conducted by the authors in 2016.
This paper was submitted for inclusion in the forthcoming edition of ETFRN News 59 – Exploring inclusive oil palm production, due for release in early 2019. This will contain 20 papers plus interviews, presenting examples of innovative and inclusive palm oil production systems. It will assess what has not worked, but importantly, it will analyse what positive practices and policies have worked for more inclusive palm oil production and why, as we strive towards more collective and sustainable solutions to this apparently intractable problem.
This paper will undergo final editing prior to publication publication of the complete edition, and as such, could differ from the version presented here.