This paper offers some insights on how smallholders deal with oil palm as part of their livelihood strategies, resulting from a three month study tour to Sumatra, Indonesia, involving many discussions with palm oil producers.
This paper was submitted for inclusion in the forthcoming edition of ETFRN News 59 – Exploring inclusive oil palm production, due for release in early 2019. This will contain 20 papers plus interviews, presenting examples of innovative and inclusive palm oil production systems. It will assess what has not worked, but importantly, it will analyse what positive practices and policies have worked for more inclusive palm oil production and why, as we strive towards more collective and sustainable solutions to this apparently intractable problem.
This paper will undergo final editing prior to publication publication of the complete edition, and as such, could differ from the version presented here.