Making knowledge work for forests and people
Despite being a major source of electricity for daily use and production activities, excessive hydropower plant development in the Central zone and Central Highlands of Viet Nam has created adverse social-environmental impacts and on local people’s livelihoods. The main issues include ineffective planning, lack of proper monitoring of the implementation, and unsolved problems regarding compensation and resettlement for affected people. Those were the main conclusions drawn during the workshop “Sustainable Hydropower Plants Development in Viet Nam’s Central Zone and Central Highlands” jointly organized by Tropenbos International Viet Nam (TBI Viet Nam), the Centre for Social Research and Development (CSRD), the Da Nang Union of Science and Technology Associations, and the Viet Nam Rivers Network (VRN) on 6 December 2016 in Da Nang city.14 November, 2016
The educational processes on environmental issues about the use and conservation of the tropical dry forests in the Caribbean region in Colombia have been strengthen by the various educational materials produced by the project Alternative pedagogical approaches in the dry tropical forest.01 November, 2016
The Decree 99/2010/ND-CP released on 24 September 2010 by the Government of Viet Nam on Payment for Forest and Environmental Services (PFES) has become one of the most remarkable policies of the forest sector during the past years. The policy is aimed at improving forest quality and quantity and increasing the forest sector’s contribution to the economy, while relieving the government’s financial burden towards forest protection and development.
General - 2012
It is widely acknowledged that improving forest governance is an important prerequisite for sustainable forest management and reducing deforestation and forest degradation. Making governance work better for people and forests is not an easy task. Divergent interests, imbalanced power relations and unequal access to information, decision-making, resources and benefits all contribute to this challenge.
The 29 articles in this issue of ETFRN News showcase a rich diversity of examples of how forest governance has been addressed in various settings. The issue brings together experiences from a wide range of forest governance reform initiatives. Some relate to new lessons from well-established approaches to forest governance reform, such as community forestry; others relate to more recently developed initiatives, such as FLEGT. The articles show that international instruments — such as Voluntary Partnership Agreements, forest certification and more recently, REDD+ — are important drivers to address governance in the forest sector.
Experiences described in the articles demonstrate that forest governance challenges do not have “one-size-fits-all” solutions. They also show that regardless of the entry point to initiate forest governance reform, there is always a set of underlying inter-related governance issues. Therefore, an integrated process approach is essential to successfully address forest governance reform. The participatory processes of “good” forest governance create the capacity for continuous learning and enhance the ability to adapt to lessons learned. The articles reveal that transparency, communication and access to information, and multi-stakeholder engagement in deliberative processes, particularly the meaningful participation of disadvantaged groups, are essential ingredients in moving forward with forest governance.
ETFRN News No. 53, produced by Tropenbos International, has been made possible by the financial assistance of the European Union, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the European Forest Institute’s EU FLEGT Facility, the Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN), Switzerland, and the Government of the Netherlands.