Making knowledge work for forests and people
Using the radio as a means to communicate ideas about the paramo, a group of young people from the rural school of Ferralarada (IED Ferralarada) and the local knowledge holders from the National Natural Park Chingaza (PNN Chingaza) created a series of programmes called Somos Monteluna: these are the voices and stories of the Chingaza páramo. The series of programmes have interviews, reports, stories, and songs which include local testimonies and voices.31 July, 2015
To deal with rampant land disputes involving indigenous communities, the Environment and Forestry Ministry of Indonesia has set a target of redistributing 12.7 million hectares of social forests (2015-2019). The majority, 6.8 million ha, would be taken from concession forests — totaling 30 million ha, from which around 10 million ha are under industrial forest permits (HTI) and around 12 million ha are natural production forest concessions (HPH) — in the form of partnership forests, Hutan Kemitraan (HK).30 July, 2015
Aside Ghana increasing its efforts to address illegal logging and milling to secure the supply of legal timber to the domestic market, the country has to pay special attention to the overland export of timber. Ghana has a long history as a major supplier of high-value hardwood timber and wood products to European, Asian and African markets. As a signer of the Voluntary Partnership agreement with the EU, Ghana has a commitment not only to export legal wood but also source and trade in legal timber on the domestic market. A study conducted by the Forestry Research Institute of Ghana has brought to the limelight the overland trade in wood and wood products as a vibrant one but largely illegal.
General - 2012
It is widely acknowledged that improving forest governance is an important prerequisite for sustainable forest management and reducing deforestation and forest degradation. Making governance work better for people and forests is not an easy task. Divergent interests, imbalanced power relations and unequal access to information, decision-making, resources and benefits all contribute to this challenge.
The 29 articles in this issue of ETFRN News showcase a rich diversity of examples of how forest governance has been addressed in various settings. The issue brings together experiences from a wide range of forest governance reform initiatives. Some relate to new lessons from well-established approaches to forest governance reform, such as community forestry; others relate to more recently developed initiatives, such as FLEGT. The articles show that international instruments — such as Voluntary Partnership Agreements, forest certification and more recently, REDD+ — are important drivers to address governance in the forest sector.
Experiences described in the articles demonstrate that forest governance challenges do not have “one-size-fits-all” solutions. They also show that regardless of the entry point to initiate forest governance reform, there is always a set of underlying inter-related governance issues. Therefore, an integrated process approach is essential to successfully address forest governance reform. The participatory processes of “good” forest governance create the capacity for continuous learning and enhance the ability to adapt to lessons learned. The articles reveal that transparency, communication and access to information, and multi-stakeholder engagement in deliberative processes, particularly the meaningful participation of disadvantaged groups, are essential ingredients in moving forward with forest governance.
ETFRN News No. 53, produced by Tropenbos International, has been made possible by the financial assistance of the European Union, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the European Forest Institute’s EU FLEGT Facility, the Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN), Switzerland, and the Government of the Netherlands.