Forests in Indonesia are suffering from massive deforestation and degradation. The area of degraded forest is now even larger than that of productive forest concessions due to massive deforestation or conversion into plantations for oil palm, rubber and industrial timber. People living in and around the forest and those who directly depend on forest resources suffer as a result. The facts indicate that most of these people live below the poverty line. Forest destruction has clearly worsened their struggle to escape from poverty.
TBI has been operational in Indonesia since 1987. The objective of TBI Indonesia is to supply the Government of Indonesia with sound and adequate information for formulating and implementing appropriate knowledge-based policies and improving the management of protected areas for the benefit of people, conservation and sustainable development. Management will become sustainable and placed under decentralized governance. The programme is carried out in partnership and generates knowledge and information on integrated land use and collaborative management that respects traditional rights, promoting and financing conservation and developing alternative livelihoods.
In 2015 Indonesia was hit by a disastrous haze event caused by extensive peatland fires in Sumatra and Kalimantan. In response, the Indonesian government launched a national Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG) with an ambitious target of restoring over 2 million hectares of peatlands by 2020. Success will depend on a proper understanding of the functioning of peatlands. A new policy brief by Wetlands International and Tropenbos International calls for a thorough science-based approach, instead of some of the currently widely applied policies and management models, which have insufficiently considered the issue of peatland subsidence.
A research at the Pawan River watershed to assess the potential of the HCV concept to provide the basis of landscape conservation planning was developed in mid - 2015. The Pawan watershed was chosen because it is representative of those areas in Indonesia that have experienced extensive changes in land cover, and because HCV activities have taken place there. The watershed provides an appropriate site to study the gap between potential and actual HCVs. This gap — and the high proportion of potential HCVs that are managed by the private sector — indicates a high risk of losing HCVs.
Opinion Jakarta Post - Edi Purwanto - Countries adjacent to the North Pole such as Canada and countries in Northern Europe, which are developed countries, are obsessed with the beauty of their heritage landscape. This has led to the establishment of a large number of conservation areas for the benefit of people living in those countries.